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Welcome to the field of blood screening using darkfield microscopy.
 
Before we get into that in detail there are a few ‘key points’ you may find helpful to understand.
 
Haematology is the study of blood.

‘Haeme’ relates to the iron component of blood red cells. Oxygen, necessary for energy and our cellular efficiency is bound to the haemoglobin (Hb), small molecules of iron based pigment in the red blood cell. Low Hb can leads to people looking pale, washed out, and easily fatigued. 
 
There are many conditions affecting human health that can be observed in blood.
The biological system that includes plasma, platelets, red and white blood cells (the major components of blood) and the bone marrow is essentially called the ‘circulation’ 
 
The ‘basics’ of blood


normal_blood_pic
 Blood cells are formed in the bone marrow
 
Red blood cells (RBCs), called erythrocytes live in the circulation for about 100 – 120 days. They are then destroyed by the spleen, with the iron rich haemoglobin molecules being returned via the circulation to the bone marrow for recycling. 
 
White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes, are also formed in the bone marrow, but live for much shorter periods.  Another type of cell called a ‘megakaryocyte’ is also formed from the same basic marrow cells, and fragments in the circulation to form platelets. 
 
Circulating blood is about 45% cells and 55% circulating fluid, called plasma.
 
Anaemia is the most common blood disorder, dramatically affecting people’s lives. 

Anaemia is responsible for symptom of tiredness, fatigue, low vigour, and commonly treated by the use of iron supplements or vitamin injections, but these may not always be what is needed.

The term 'anaemia' refers to a reduction of haemoglobin or red cell concentration in the blood. With the widespread introduction of automated equipment into laboratories the haemoglobin concentration in blood is the key measurement.

Anaemia is simply defined as a haemoglobin concentration below the accepted ‘normal’ range.

Anaemia is therefore a general term used to describe a number of conditions that result in a decrease in the number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. However it can include decreased oxygen-binding ability of each hemoglobin molecule due to deformity or lack in numerical development as in some other types of hemoglobin deficiency
 

The question is then, if you have anaemia, what is the cause?

  Anemia_images                                                  
       The pale hand of a woman with severe anemia
        (right) in comparison to the normal hand of   
        her husband (left)                                                        
                                                     

There are several kinds of anaemia, which can be classified in a variety of ways, based on the shapes of RBCs, underlying causes and clinical indicators, to mention a few. 

Nutritional anaemias
A nutritional anaemia refers to a type of anaemia that can be directly attributed to either a nutritional disorder or a nutritional deficiency.  This is where live blood analysis by darkfield microscopy is an outstanding tool by which clinicians can assist their clients to better health, not by pills and supplements alone, but by dietary education. 
 
As people age stomach acid production falls, so protein based nutrients may not be released for use by the body. 
 
If diet is what we eat, but nutrition is what our body (and it’s cells) want, not eating the nutrient containing foods it needs will lead to cell nutrient deficiency, as much as poorly released nutrients.
 
Some of the anaemias caused by nutritional deficiencies commonly observed by live blood analysis include: 
 
Iron deficiency anaemia is a common anaemia that occurs when iron loss (often from intestinal bleeding or menses) occurs, or the dietary intake or absorption of iron is insufficient. In such a state, hemoglobin, which contains iron, cannot be formed.
 
Vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia occurs when a "lower-than-normal" amount of the vitamin B12 is available within the body, leading to a decreased production of healthy red blood cells. 
 
Folate-deficiency anaemia is a condition that develops when the body does not have the adequate supply of folic acid available that is needed for the production of new healthy blood cells. 
 
With deficiency of B12 or folate the DNA regulation of blood cell size is impaired, so red blood cells become too large to work effectively in the capillaries, leading to a ‘macrocytic’ anaemia. Iron deficiency leads to small cells, or ‘microcytic’ anaemia. Together they cause a condition known as anisocytosis, but is not usually identified as anaemia. People with anisocytosis often complain of chronic tiredness
 
 Anemia_images_2
       Note the variation in shape and size of 
       the cells. Normal cell diameter is 7.2 
       microns, to allow best passage through
       the capillaries.
 
 
 
 

Protein deficiency anaemia
Protein deficiency anaemia is an anaemia that results from an inadequate intake of dietary protein, however excess protein in the diet can cause red blood cells to adhere to each other, the protein linkage again limiting the red blood cell oxygen delivery potential.
 
Anaemia of chronic disease
Anemia of chronic disease (ACD) (also known as anemia of inflammatory response) is a condition where the body converts iron into unused ferrin, causing a drop in hemoglobin production, and as a result decreased red blood cell production and count. This is caused by a natural defense mechanism initiated by an inflammatory response in response to the underlying chronic disease. 
 
Haemolytic anaemia
Haemolytic anaemia is an anaemia due to the abnormal breakdown of red blood cells. A number of different mediating factors can cause this condition; especially certain types of infection, or cell membrane problems.
 
Hypochromic anaemia
Hypochromic anaemia is a generic term for any type of anaemia in which the red blood cells (erythrocytes) are paler than normal. This is caused by a proportionally reduced amount of hemoglobin present in relation to the size of the red blood cell.
 
Spur cell haemolytic anaemia
Spur cell haemolytic anaemia is a form of anaemia that results when free cholesterol binds to the red blood cell's membrane increasing its surface area, causing later deformities such as rough or thorny projections on the erythrocyte. This condition is caused by the liver's decreased ability to process cholesterol. 

Infection related

When the body is ‘under attack’ by bacteria, iron is sequestered away from the red blood cells to make it unavailable to bacteria, which need it to reproduce. An anaemic state can develop, but to administer iron to the patient will only make the problem worse. This type of anaemia also results in aching joints and muscles.

How can blood screening using darkfield microscopy be of benefit?

 
With darkfield microscopy the different forms of anaemia can be identified, and a targeted prescription can be provided.
 
In darkfield microscopy the 5 types of white cells can be seen, and ratios used to determine the nature of infections, again allowing appropriate prescription. 
 
There are other well documented features able to be observed microscopically, such as fungal hyphae, certain parasites, cholesterol deposits, uric acid crystals (associated with gout), platelet abnormalities and digestive disorders.

                                                                                         Uric_acid                               
A  uric acid crystal observed in a client with gout. 
The sharp crystal edges cause the intense pain.
 
 
         


                                         
 
Even if you feel well, there can be processes developing within
you that if detected early and managed properly may allow you to avoid significant health problems later.

 
With good microscopy, many health disturbances can be identified, and healing pathways recommended. All good microscopist-physicians will prescribe dietary changes for long term benefit, and may suggest two or three herbal or mineral supplements for a short while to accelerate your return to wellness. 
 
Remember – IF DIET IS WRONG  - MEDICINE IS OF NO USE,
                       IF DIET IS RIGHT  - MEDICINE IS NOT NEEDED
 
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Information provided on this site is general advice. For specific information relevant to your own needs an appointment will be required for a personal health care consultation

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